Author : Isabel Gutiérrez Sánchez

University : Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de Madrid

Status : BArch, 2013

Advisor : Izaskun Chinchilla Moreno

Title : System of temporary-use domestic equipment for Lavapiés neighborhood

The project is a direct response towards the current housing market. Architecturally speaking, a dual investigation between anthropology and typology of  the neighborhood Lavapiés, in Madrid.  This spatial investigation attempts to justify the types of users and necessities of the domestic realm in a delimited scenario.

Lavapiés presents a complex situation in the social sphere as well as in the building state framework. Some examples of these located users (addressed by the project) are: people evicted from their homes (foreclosed homes), dependents, new immigrants without resources, and temporary refugees. The common feature is their temporary situation.

In reference to the building sphere, the neighborhood is inserted in a development process, guided by the Integral Rehabilitation Plan of the Administration. Nevertheless, this plan is not solving the main problem: the 16% of substandard dwelling that exists in the interior of the blocks.

As a response, the project proposes an alternative; a system that proposes to challenge and regenerate the interiors of the blocks at an urban scale. The system doesn’t dismiss, but rather re-adapts the urban elements of the areas context: the traditional ones (balconies, courtyards, terrace roofs…) and the new ones (scaffolding, braces…).

The system also implements the temporary-use of domestic equipment, to complete the existing housing-hardware in the neighborhood. However it is reversible through this organic system, by reinforcing the structure of the blocks through the stabilization of the party walls, it displays the access to the inhabitable dwellings.

These new exposed technological advancements reduce  water and energy consumption of the inhabitants and equip the common open spaces. These devices fulfill special needs of the proposed domestic-common life by fostering processes of participation, negotiation, exchange and sustainability. The ultimate intention of the system is to provide a collective link within the community, through the inhabitants’ insertion in daily life.

Finally, a block is chosen as unit of intervention. Just the inner substandard dwellings are demolished. The system of temporary-use domestic equipment is inserted in the block as it manifests a new domestic ecosystem.